REPORT AND DECISIONS OF THE 2018 ANNUAL MEETINGS OF THE INTERAFRICAN COFFEE ORGANISATION (IACO)
Libreville, 27th November 2018
The 2018 Annual Meetings of the Inter-African Coffee Organisation, comprising the 58th Annual General Assembly, the 2nd Scientific Conference on Coffee and the 6th African Coffee Symposium, were held from 20 to 27 November 2018 at the Hotel NOMAD in Libreville, Gabon, under the chairmanship of the Honourable Jean-Marie OGANDANGA, Minister of Planning and Economic Development representing the Prime Minister, Head of Government of the Republic of Gabon.
The following Member States were present: Angola, Benin, Burundi, Cameroon, Cöte d'Ivoire, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Republique of Guinea, Kenya, Nigeria, Democratic Republic of Congo, Sierra Leone,Tanzania, Togo and Uganda.
Several Gabonese authorities and representatives of the following regional and international institutions also took part as Observers: ACRAM, AFCA, the African Union (AU), the International Coffee Organisation (ICO), CABI, CIRAD, BDEAC, UNDP and ECCAS.
After the welcome address by Mr. BIENDI MANGANGA Moussavou, Minister of Agriculture and Livestock, statements were made by the following personalities: Mr
Enselme GOUTHON, President of ACRAM and Representative of the Private Sector (Members of the AFCA and ACRAM Steering Committee), Mr José Dauster SETTE, Executive Director of the International Coffee Organisation (ICO). This was followed by interventions by Dr Frederick KAWUMA, Secretary General of the Inter-African Coffee Organisation (IACO), Her Excellency Mme Josefa SACKO, AU Commissioner for Agriculture and Rural Economy. The Honourable Minister Jean-Marie OGANDANGA, Minister of Planning and Economic Development, representing Mr Emmanuel ISSOZET NGONDET Prime Minister, Head of Government of the Republic of Gabon, proceeded to the official opening.
The meetings proceeded as follows:
The Scientific Conference,
The various technical committee,
The Board of Directors,
The 6th Symposium on African Coffee • The General Assembly.
A. SCIENTIFIC CONFERENCE ON AFRICAN COFFEE
The Scientific Conference on African Coffee held its 2nd Edition from 20 to 22 November 2018, during the 2018 Annual Assemblies of the Inter-African Coffee Organisation (IACO), at Hotel NOMAD, Republic of Gabon under the theme: "Sustainable coffee production in Africa in the context of climate change: Challenges and opportunities for research and development". It included four sessions: CULTURAL DEFENCE, AGRONOMY, GENETICS and SELECTION and AGRO-ECONOMY and OTHERS. In each Session, several communications were made.
After discussions, the following recommendations were made:
- Research at the level of the 25 member countries the technologies developed and available on the mitigation of the effects of climate change in coffee production;
- Compile an inventory of endogenous techniques used by coffee farmers to mitigate the effects of climate change;
- Have a forum open to all researchers where they can publish the results of their work.
For researchers :
- use the outstanding issues of this conference as research topics for further work;
- Update the technical itineraries taking into consideration changes in the coffee growing environment in the various producing countries.
B. 58th ANNUAL GENERAL ASSEMBLY
The 58th Annual General Assembly of IACO was chaired by the Honourable Minister Jean-Marie OGANDANGA, Minister of Planning and Economic Development of the Republic of Gabon. The various technical committee meetings began with:
a) Finance committee
Under the chairmanship of Mr. KODJO Edmond Venance, Head of the Delegation from Cöte d'Ivoire, the members of the committee examined in detail the agenda items and the decisions taken were summarized as follows:
Participation in AFCA meetings where the opening speech was delivered,
Participation in the ICO meeting in Mexico City in April 2018,
Travel at SG's own expense to participate in the World Bank meeting for the establishment of the African Coffee Fund,
Afrexim-Bank meeting in Nigeria and follow-up of arrears of contributions from this member country,
Integration of IACO into the AU as a Specialized Agency for Coffee Issues,
Establishment of the African Coffee Fund for local coffee processing for US$150.OOO.OOO
Construction of IACO headquarters to start soon,
As the salary's situation is of serious concern, firm commitments will have to be made to resolve IACO's financial issue as soon as possible,
Efforts are under way to obtain the title deed of the land offered to IACO by the Government of Cöte d'Ivoire,
Identify the real reasons behind the non-payment of arrears by member countries, Find alternative financing for IACO through its integration into the AU as a
Specialized Agency for Coffee Issues,
IACOs budget for 2018/2019, which amounts to €701 , 119, was adopted.
b) Production Committee
Under the chairmanship of Dr. Isaac Yaw OPOKU from Ghana, members of the committee examined in detail the items on the agenda and the decisions taken are summarized as follows:
Member Countries were urged to pay their contributions for the DRD/ACRN
Coordinator to carry out activities,
Activities carried out should have impacts/benefits for Member Countries,
A Budget-Programme should be attached to the Activity Report for consideration by the Committee before submitting it to the Board for adoption,
Any document related to the Committee should be available for Delegates ahead of time,
The Work-Plan should indicate the previous years' budget line as well as the current years proposed budget line for ease of comparism,
Research findings should be largely disseminated or shared for the benefits of member countries of IACO/ACRN, and create a scientific journal on African coffee production in the long run,
Disseminate lessons learned on activities or events such as FESTICOFFEE to help member countries carry out similar activities,
Coordinate ACRAM and AFCA activities in order not to duplicate efforts,
Develop a framework for sharing information on coffee germplasm and assure accessibility to member countries, and
The report was adopted subject to the amendments made.
c) Market Promotion and Development Committee
Under the chairmanship of Mr. Enosh AKUMA from Kenya, members of the committee examined in detail the items on the Agenda and the decisions taken are summarized as follows:
Actions recommended during last meeting should be carried out by both the Secretariat and member countries,
The Secretariat should report on specific actions per member country to members of the Committee to know how far we have gone and what is outstanding,
Make the report available to Delegates ahead of time for better examination of the document,
Develop a questionnaire to better evaluate what each country has done with regard to recommendations,
The General Secretariat is invited to extract actions which do not need financial investment and share them with member countries for them to start working and, share experience among them,
The General Secretariat is invited to develop a matrix with responsibilities of actions to be taken,
Member countries should provide information based on a schedule developed-by the General Secretariat,
Periodically send reminders to member countries for their actions to be taken both by the public and private sectors,
Member countries should assist the General Secretariat in achieving the objectives of the Organisation,
The General Secretariat is invited to develop a template on progress of activities and each member country should provide a contact person to work with the Secretariat on a quarterly basis,
Periodically report on the Market Review,
Promote local coffee consumption,
Conduct a Market Analysis along with the Market Review,
Develop intra-African trade,
All member countries should commit to submit data to the General Secretariat on request,
Translate the plans into actions,
Revise the tools for data collection.
d) Consultative Group
Under the chairmanship of Mr. INOLA ZE Paul-Henri from Gabon, members of the committee examined in detail the items on the Agenda and the decisions taken are summarized as follows :
Creation of a select committee to work on the proposals of each Member State on the draft revision and present the final report to the next GA. Six (6) countries were selected, including three (3) English-speaking countries: Kenya, Ghana and Uganda; three (3) French-speaking countries: Gabon, Cöte d'Ivoire and Guinea, Dates of the first reports:
March and September 2019 on the sidelines of ICO Council meetings,
During IACO General Assembly in Nairobi in November 2019,
Recommendation of members with multidisciplinary skills,
Member countries that have not received the texts of the Draft Revision were invited to get them from the General Secretariat, The Secretariat was invited to prepare the TOR,
Remove any sanctioned country from the committee in which it is a statutory member,
Adaptation of the Draft Declaration to the theme of the GA,
Strengthening technical cooperation among Member States for capacity-building, Involve small producers in pricing,
The recommendations of the Scientific Conference should encourage Member States to invest more in advanced technologies to achieve better results,
Delegates were invited to join the General Secretariat in revising the draft Libreville Declaration based on the various comments.
e) Board of Directors
Under the chairmanship of Mr INOLA ZE Paul-Henri from Gabon, members of the committee examined in detail the items on the Agenda and the decisions taken are summarized as follows :
The increase in the minimum contribution from XOF 2 million to XOF 5 million- It was then acknowledged that this minimum contribution had remained unchanged for more than 20 years;
After the SG's presentation on the postponement of the annual Audit due to financial constraints, it was resolved that the audit was to be commissioned as soon as funds become available, since an Audit firm had already been selected ;
With regard to the start of construction of the IACO headquarters building, while expressing its gratitude to the Govemment of the Republic of Cöte d'Ivoire, the Board strongly encouraged the Secretary General to take all necessary steps with the Govemment to expedite the related administrative formalities;
Togo and Ghana are admitted to the Board in replacement of Angola and Tanzania with respect to the resolution of the Board Meeting of 18th September 2018 relative to the suspension of votes ;
For the Finance Committee, it was recommended that DR Congo, whose votes are suspended, be replaced by Cameroon ;
Member States were urged to pay their dues to IACO to ensure that the Secretariat has the means to deliver the required services to the Members.
The budget of 701,119 Euros, for 2018/19 was adopted, for approval by the General Assembly.
The chairs of the technical committees made oral presentations of the highlights of their reports to the Board of Directors for consideration before submitting them to the General Assembly for adoption.
Under AOB, IACO Secretary General took the floor to report on the initiative taken after the London meeting to send letters to Heads of State of member countries to raise awareness on the importance to be given to the coffee industry in their countries.
Before closing the meeting, the Chair thanked the member states for their active participation and indicated that these reports will be submitted to the General Assembly for adoption.
C. 6th AFRICAN COFFEE SYMPOSIUM
The 6th African Coffee Symposium of the Inter-African Coffee Organisation (IACO) focused on "Organising the African Coffee Sector for Sustainable and Inclusive Development". It was held in four (4) Panels.
Panel 1: African Coffee Supply Management Against Price Volatility
Under the moderation of Mr. Enselme GOUTHON, Secretary General from CCFCC Togo, the presentations made by Dr. Denis SEUDIEU (ICO) and Mr. Michael NDOPING (NCCBCameroon), focused on the intemal factors of the price volatility that make consumption less than production, external factors such as speculation that put pressure on coffee prices and the state of production in Africa.
The following presentations were made by the Panelists:
Coffee price trends ;
Causes of price volatility,
Supply and quality management, Stocks Control,
Difficulties of local markets related to regulation.
The following recommendations were made after discussions:
Promote diversification through projects such as Café Gourmet,
Encourage the positioning of a better quality Coffee on the market,
Promote domestic marketing and consumption,
Encourage policies to support Research for more efficient production, Encourage countries to maintain an up-to-date database of coffee farms,
Promote capacity building for small producers,
Support programmes dedicated to the promotion of African coffees,
Encourage Member States to pool their efforts in improving the African coffee value chain,
Identify and promote coffee by-products for larger local consumption,
Encourage the private sector to develop roasting,
Encourage IACO to create an enabling environment for coffee consumption by informing health institutions about the effects of coffee on health,
Encourage Member States to master statistics on coffee consumption and to implement marketing strategies based on these statistics.
Panel 2: Integrated Processing at the Origin: Factors of Growth and Creation of Wealth
With Dr. Koffi NGORAN, Deputy Director of the Cöte d'Ivoire Coffee Cacao Council as the moderator; Mrs. Kathleen DAHIR (Roaster, Café Pierre André), Dr. Denis SEUDIEU ('CO) and Mr. Michael OWUSU-MANU (GHANA COCOBOD) as panelists, shared their experience with several participants in coffee processing issues for growth and creation of wealth. The presentations focused on the constraints related to local processing and the constraints and / or challenges of the sector, are summarised in the following recommendations:
Help IACO to further support the training of local roasters,
Convince authorities of the importance of the coffee trade in international trade through objective data,
Make available to member countries all studies available at IACO,
Encourage more and more public authorities to finance Research in coffee sector, Encourage govemments and organisations such as IACO to play their full regulatory role in the African coffee sector,
Encourage governments to establish a favourable trade policy for local processing, Boost an African dynamic within the framework of the inter-African exchanges.
Panel 3: African Coffee Sector and the Challenge of Climate Change
This panel was moderated by Dr. Morris AKIRI (CABI). The two presentations by Dr. Charles AGWANDA (CABD and Dr. Kokou Edoh ADABE (ITRNCRAF-TOGO) as panelists spoke about the impact of climate change on the African coffee sector and the results of observations made specifically in Togo. At the end of the presentations, the summary of discussions between panelists and participants is as follows:
Develop drought tolerant varieties ;
Introduce resistant / tolerant varieties to diseases and pests ;
Ensure better management of pests and diseases ;
Promote integrated production systems ;
Introduce alternative crops to make the agricultural production of families sustainable;
Allow producers to have access to information;
Selection of short-cycle high-performance varieties; Selection of resistant / tolerant disease and pest varieties;
The development of customised farming techniques ; Identification of sustainable funding strategies for research,
Research must involve the entire coffee value chain ;
Advocate for tailor-made research, that is, specific to the realities of each country and encourage experience sharing between researchers from different countries ;
Member States should allocate substantial budgets for coffee research to better adapt our agriculture to the adverse effects of climate change.
Panel 4 : The Continental Free Trade Area and its Implications on the African Coffee Value Chain
Under the moderation of H.E. Ambassador Josefa SACKO (African Union) and Mr. Michael NDOPING (NCCB-Cameroon), Frederick KAWUMA, IACO Secretary General and Pr. NKOULOU NKOULOU Jean-Louis as panelists. The presentations focused on the definition of the Continental Free Trade Area, its objectives, its impacts on the African coffee value chain, but also on the factors that limit its benefits.
Following the various interventions, the following recommendations were made:
Encourage Member States to develop strategies to regulate the informal coffee sector,
Develop a synergistic approach between Member States to better integrate the CFTA in coffee matters,
Develop strategies to improve coffee quality;
Encourage States to shift State instruments towards market economies, Encourage States to create positive externalities for the African coffee sector,
Promote the private sector in the coffee value chain,
Implement strategic trade policies at Member State level,
Encourage Member States to promote public and private partnerships,
Promote Producer/Consumer partnerships for coffee processing,
Encourage Member States to pay particular attention to tariff barriers and competitiveness in order to make the CFTA conducive for the coffee sector,
Invite IACO to encourage Member States to improve New Information and Communication Technologies to facilitate the business environment, and Invite IACO to develop strategies for the implementation of the CFTA.
The 58th General Assembly approved and adopted the recommendations made by the Board of Directors. Among these, the key elements were: the approval of the 2018/19 Budget and the adoption of the 2018 Libreville Declaration.
The President, on behatf of the members, thanked the Government of Gabon for the successful meetings.
Election of the President and Vice-President of IACO for the 2018/2019 financial year. The Board of Directors suggested the following appointments to the General Assembly:
President of IACO KENYA
Vice-President of IACO GHANA
The General Assembly adopted the proposals as presented.
Vote of thanks:
A vote of thanks was addressed to the Government and People of Gabon for the warm welcome extended to the delegates and for the commendable efforts made to ensure the success of the 2018 Annual Meetings.
Date and venue of the next annual meetings: Nairobi, Kenya, from 25 to 29 November 2019.
Having addressed all the items on the Agenda, the President of IACO thanked delegates for their active participation in the discussions and closed the 58th Annual Meetings of IACO.
Libreville, 27th November 2018