To show the overriding role of coffee in the socio-economic development of Africa, 11 African coffee producing countries, namely Angola, Cameroon, Central Africa, Congo (RDC), Côte d'Ivoire, Dahomey (Benin), Gabon, Kenya, Madagascar, Uganda, Tanganyika (Tanzania), met on the 7 December 1960 in Tananarivo, Madagascar, to create the InterAfrican Coffee Organisation (IACO).

Whithin a short period after its creation, all the African coffee producing countries, realizing the significance of united actions against the challenges facing the African coffee industry, including processing and marketing, become members of IACO.

Today, IACO is an intergovernmental organisation consisted of the 25 African coffee producing countries: Angola, Benin, Burundi, Cameroun, Congo, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of Congo, Côte d’Ivoire, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Equatorial Guinea, Kenya, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Nigeria, Rwanda, Sierra Leone, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia and Zimbabwe.