Rapport du Sommet du G-25 sur le Café Africain

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

The 2nd G25 Africa Coffee Summit was held in Kampala, Uganda, from August 8 to 10, 2023 at the Speke
Resort Munyonyo, with the theme “Transforming the African Coffee Sector through Value Addition.” The
main objectives of the summit were to (a) Continue to marshal consensus on declaring coffee as a strategiccommodity in harmony with the AU Agenda 2063; (b) Promote value addition and domestic consumption of coffee by educating people about coffee and its benefits to health, (c) Expand regional coffee trade within the framework of the African Continental Free Trade Area (AfCFTA).
The summit was hosted under the leadership of President Yoweri Museveni, the President of Uganda and
saw participation from senior government officials and delegates from various African countries, including
the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, the United Republic of Tanzania, Republic of Kenya, Republic of Equatorial Guinea, Republic of Togo, Republic of Angola, Republic of Malawi. Republic of Zimbabwe, Republic of Cote d’Ivoire, Republic of Rwanda, Republic of Burundi, Republic of Congo, Republic of Cameroon, The Union of the Comoros and the People’s Democratic Republic of Algeria. International organizations such as the African Union Commission (AUC), Organisation of Southern Cooperation (OSC), European Union (EU), United Nations Development Program (UNDP), African Continental Free Trade Area (AfCFTA), African Fine Coffees Association (AFCA), Agency of Coffee Robusta for Africa and Madagascar (ACRAM), and the Private Sector Federation of Uganda were also represented.
The opening day of the summit included opening remarks, statements by the senior officials and delegates from participating countries and organizations, and the signing of the Kampala Declaration. The Kampala Declaration aimed to garner consensus for accelerating the process of integrating coffee as a strategic commodity within the African Union in harmony with the African Union Agenda 2063 and designating the Inter-African Coffee Organisation (IACO) as an AU specialized agency responsible for coffee. The current report highlights the focal thematic areas of discussions and their outcomes.
The first panel discussion was moderated by Dr. Charles Francis Mugoya, Chairman of the Uganda Coffee
Development Authority (UCDA) Board and covered two topics. Topic one: The future of the African coffee
industry under AfCFTA. Presentations were made by Hon Mary Grace Mugasa Akiiki, Minister of State
for Public Service representing Hon. John Mulimba, Minister of State for Regional, Cooperation, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Uganda; and H.E Amb. Josefa SACKO, Commissioner of Agriculture, Rural Development, Blue Economy and Sustainable Environment, African Union Commission, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia representing H.E. Mr Azali Assoumani, Chairperson of the African Union Commission and President of the Union of the Comoros. Topic two: Financing options for value addition with lessons for coffee value addition was presented by Mr James Kizito Mayanja, Marketing Intelligence officer at UCDA on behalf of Prof. Ezra Suruma, Professor &Chancellor, Office of the President, Uganda. The discussions highlighted the importance of promoting coffee consumption within Africa, addressing value addition, improving productivity, tackling climate change challenges, and focusing on supporting small-scale coffee farmers. It was emphasized that coffee-producing countries should leverage the opportunities provided by the AfCFTA to address these issues. The second panel of the Summit was moderated by Mr. Claude Bizimana, Chief Executive Officer, National Agricultural Export Development Board (NAEB), Rwanda. It focused on production and productivity in the African coffee region with a sharing of regional experiences in creating a coffee culture in Africa, and the role of research in value addition. On coffee production and productivity.On production and productivity in the African coffee region, panelists shared experiences from Ethiopia, Kenya, and Togo. It was concluded that African countries should collaborate to address challenges in the coffee sector. Supporting farmers, especially small-scale ones, is crucial to increase production, improve productivity, and enhance coffee quality. Promoting domestic coffee consumption was also highlighted. Enabling policies to facilitate investments in the coffee sector were deemed essential. On the Role of Research in Value Addition, it was noted that Research in the coffee sector has historically focused on increasing production, with less attention given to finished products. However, research can contribute to value addition by developing and promoting innovative technologies throughout the coffee value chain.
Creating strong links between research and entrepreneurship, facilitating the commercialization of valueadded products, and improving infrastructure, branding, marketing, and technology were recommended. The third panel, moderated by Dr. Benson Apuoyo, Managing Director Ag., Agriculture and Food Authority-Coffee Directorate, Kenya., focused on Strategies to promote value addition and access to new markets and Strategies to promote domestic consumption under the AfCFTA framework. On Promotion of Value Addition and Access to New Markets, it was noted that producers, especially small-scale farmers, need support to meet market standards and branding requirements. Understanding market needs through training, extension services, and enabling policies is crucial. To succeed in value addition, improving infrastructure, research and development, branding, marketing, and technology investments are vital. On the Strategies for Promoting Domestic Consumption under AfCFTA, commitment from all stakeholders in the coffee value chain is essential. Enabling policies, financial support for investment in value addition, infrastructure development, capacity building, quality improvement, and marketing is necessary. Empowering youth and women in the value chain is a priority. Governments should facilitate access to affordable loans to enhance competitiveness in the international market.
The fourth panel, moderated by Mr. Silver Ojakol, Chief of Staff at the AfCFTA Secretariat, focused on
Accelerating the implementation of the African Coffee Standards under the AfCFTA framework.
The key recommendations from this panel emphasised that countries should actively participate in setting, adopting, and implementing coffee standards. Conformity assessment processes should be tailored to the needs of small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). Building capacity for quality improvement and reducing the cost of conformity assessment through harmonization were emphasized. Political support for coffee standards is essential. Harmonizing coffee standards across African countries is necessary to facilitate regional trade and ensure quality consistency.
The fifth panel, moderated by Mr. Kwame Rugunda, Chief Executive of Savannah Group, Uganda, focused
on the Role of digitization and new technologies in value addition. The use of digital platforms and
technologies can enhance efficiency and transparency in the coffee value chain. It was emphasized that
locally adapted, homegrown technologies should be prioritized. Choosing the right type of digital platform for specific users and ensuring affordability and appropriateness of technologies are essential. Regulations should follow innovations in technology.
The sixth panel, moderated by Dr. Rosebella Lang’at, CEO and Co-Founder of Tulon Coffee and Member of the Association of Women in Coffee Industry, Kenya, focused on the Role of Youth and Women in value
addition. The main points from this panel included the highlights of the challenges for Youth and Women
in participating in the African coffee value chain were limited access to land and finance in participating in
the coffee value chain. African countries should prioritize supporting youth and women throughout the
entire coffee value chain by implementing enabling policies to enhance their participation and role in value addition.
The seventh panel, moderated by Dr. Frederick S. M. Kawuma, Board Chairman of Café Africa, focused on the Impact of EU Regulations and the impact of Climate Change on the African coffee sector. Key takeaways from this panel include the new EU regulations, particularly on deforestation, are expected to impact the coffee sector, especially in trade. African countries should prepare to comply with these regulations when they are implemented. Governments should establish policies and allocate funds to address the effects of climate change on the coffee sector. Segmenting and addressing issues affecting specific end-user categories were considered important in dealing with climate change challenges in the coffee industry.

The closing session of the 2nd G25 Africa Coffee Summit was chaired by Mr Primus Kimaryo, Director General of Tanzania Coffee Board and featured remarks from several key figures, including Dr. Emmanuel Iyamulemye, Managing Director of UCDA; General David Kyomukama, Permanent Secretary of the Ministry of Agriculture, Animal Industry and Fisheries of Uganda; Ambassador Solomon Rutega, Secretary General of IACO, Hon Frank Tumwebaze, Minister of Agriculture, Animal Industry and Fisheries of Uganda and Hon Antony Mavunde. Deputy Minister of Agriculture of Tanzania.
Ambassador Solomon Rutega, the Secretary General of IACO highlighted the main outcomes and
recommendations which will be undertaken by the IACO secretariat in line with the Kampala Declaration.
Emphasized the need to develop strategies for increasing value addition in the African coffee sector to provide fair trade and greater benefits for small-scale farmers; urged the empowerment of youth and women in the coffee value chain; called for efforts to improve yields, quality, and local consumption of coffee; encouraged economic integration and increased intra-Africa coffee trade; prioritized the negotiation of coffee standards under the AfCFTA framework; underlined the importance of supporting coffee research, addressing climate change challenges, adopting technology, and promoting digitization in the coffee sector. He reinforced IACO’s committed to ensuring the implementation of the recommendations in the Kampala Declaration, including the integration of coffee as a strategic commodity in the African Union Agenda 2063. Hon Frank Tumwebaze, Minister of Agriculture, Animal Industry and Fisheries of Uganda, stressed the need for unanimous consensus on the Kampala Declaration; called for urging Heads of State attending the African Union meeting in February 2024 to support the approval of coffee’s inclusion in the AU Agenda 2063 as a strategic commodity.
Hon Antony Mavunde, Deputy Minister of Agriculture of Tanzania, thanked the panelists for their valuable
discussions and sharing of solutions to challenges in the African coffee industry; commended the organizers, including the government of Uganda, IACO leadership, and UCDA, for hosting a successful G25 Africa Coffee Summit. He further expressed gratitude for the opportunity to host the 3rd G25 African Coffee Summit in 2024, reaffirming Tanzania’s active participation in IACO and readiness to host the upcoming summit.
The closing session marked the end of the summit, with an emphasis on the importance of implementing
the recommendations and advancing the goals set out in the Kampala Declaration for the benefit of the
African coffee sector.